Barberry is a prickly shrub that is 1 to 5 meters long. Its wood is red, brown or yellow. Its leaves are oval and its fruit is oval red and sour.
The end of spring and early summer is the blooming season for the barberry blossom.
Barberry is native to temperate and subtropical regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South America. Iran is the largest producer of barberry in the world, with South Khorasan province having the largest amount of barberry cultivation in the world.
Types Of Iran’s Barberry:
- Puffy Barberry
- Pomegranate Barberry
- Mountain Barberry
Puffy (or Pofaki) barberry after reaching the harvest season, the barberry is cut into a branch of the tree and placed on shelves that are reticulated to lose moisture over time and to maintain a better state. This cranberry is large and uniform and its color is red.
This barberry is similar to pomegranate which is why it is called pomegranate. After the beginning of the harvest season, the barberry crop is removed from the tree by thin, tall trees. After removing the barberry, spread it on the ground and continuously move it to moisture. It has a relatively darker color than other cranberries.
It has a higher moisture content than other cranberries and is smaller in size.
Unlike other barberry cultivated in South Khorasan, barberry grows in northern parts of the country such as Bojnourd and Golestan forest margin and is therefore less voluminous and scarce than other varieties. Its color is also more intense than the other two types of barberry.