Iran, USA, Turkey, China, Syria, Greece, Italy, Afghanistan, Tunisia and Spain are the first 10 countries to produce pistachios in the world. Given that the United States has a high domestic consumption, Iran is considered the largest exporter of pistachios.
The types of pistachios under cultivation in Iran are related to the domestic species Pistacia vera. The pistachio trees are two bases, meaning male and female flowers are produced on different trees, and there is no male and female flowers on a tree.
JUMBO PISTACHIO / KALEH GHOUCHI (GHOCHI or QOUCHI):
Jumbo-Kaleh Ghoci Pistachio tree profile:
This type has a moderate growth potential and a widespread habit of growth. the crown width is 323 cm (wide width) and the trunk diameter is 4.11 cm.
The beginning flower is 10th April. The full flowering stage is 16th April and the flowering period is 13 days, It can be harvested in mid September. And the shape of the flower bud is spherical.
Jumbo-Kaleh Ghoci Pistachio fruit profile:
Its shape is like hazelnut, the reddish-brown color of the red-gray, and the skin of the bony white skin with moderate darkness.
Pistachio dry weight 17.1 g, dry pistachio length 13.20 mm, dry pistachio witdh 12.84 mm.
SUPER LONG / Akbari Pistachio
Super Long-Akbari Pistachio tree profile:
This type has a moderate growth potential and a widespread habit of growth. the crown width is 380 cm (wide width) and tree height is 297 cm (average height).
The flowering date is 21th April and, end of flowering on 26th April. The flowering period is 11 days.
It can be harvested in September.
Super Long-Akbari Pistachio fruit profile:
The shape of the fruit is almond-like, skin color is dark cream. The fresh weight of the fruit with green skin is 41/48 g. Green without skin weight 29/80 g, dry pistachio 1/45 g, dry pistachio length 12,22 mm, pistachio shape is rectangular. Dry weight of the pistachio 0.75 g.