About Persain Saffron
Iran is the world’s leading producer of saffron, and Ghayen, as Iran’s red gold capital, has a global brand of saffron.
The plant was originally cultivated in Khorasan Razavi province and Southern Khorasan province, but was later cultivated elsewhere in Iran. The most important cultivation city of saffron in Iran is Ghayen and Torbat Heydariyeh. The highest quality saffron is also grown in this areas. Due to its great value, this plant is known as red gold and is the main income of the people in Khorasan cities.
Saffron is a plant that grows up to 30 cm high.
Saffron can grow in harsh biological conditions. Also because of its warm nature it can withstand a great deal of cold weather, saffron onions continue to grow at a negative temperature of 40 degrees Celsius. The plant only needs water in the beginning of November and it is sufficient for rain and snow until the first spring. Saffron is a plant that is not cost-effective in terms of transportation and is affordable. Saffron onion in cold regions with much rainfall is much better than in tropical regions, and one of the main reasons for distinguishing high quality saffron from inferior saffron is the climate and climate of the region, the colder the region, the higher the yield and quality of saffron.
Saffron has medicinal properties, and its most important characteristic is the joy that it is a drug against depression and used as a natural and herbal soothing drug. It is also used to flavor and color foods.
Types Of Saffron:
Negin saffron (Negin Pushal – Super Negin) is the most expensive type of saffron and has the highest coloring ability (between 230 and 270 units).
Production and sales of Negin saffron, due to the time-consuming and costly process and more work required to process it, are usually downward in different years.
Sargol saffron is actually what is in most people’s minds of saffron. In this type, the style part (root) is completely eliminated and the red stigmas separately form pure saffron.
After Negin saffron, the coloring power of Sargol saffron is the most common (210 to 260 units)
Sargol saffron is more common than other varieties.
Grade 1, Grade 2 and Grade 3 Saffron is classified as pushal saffron.
Some people are more likely to trust this type of saffron because of the reduced likelihood of fraud.
The coloring power of this type of saffron will depend on its quality, about 170 to 250 units.
Bunch saffron is the main type of saffron that comes from stacking and drying a whole string of saffron.
bunch saffron is called grade 4 saffron.
The coloring power of saffron is between 120 and 150 units.
By separating the Sargol saffron from the bunch, the root part remains in Iran called white or corn saffron. In Europe this area is known as White or Style. Konj Saffron is not included in the category of saffron varieties, but due to its beautiful color and appearance and not cheating.